Milwaukee has a long history of government. The area was home to Native American tribes for thousands of years before Milwaukee became its own state in 1846. Although it only lasted until 1848, the creation and later dissolution of the Wisconsin Territory is significant because during this time period, the United States Congress approved three new counties: Brown County, Racine County (which included present-day Milwaukee), and Washington County. This means that all citizens residing within these boundaries were now under US law instead of tribal or English rule which increased property rights and voting privileges for many Americans such as African American settlers who had previously been enslaved by members of their tribe but not recognized as human beings under British Law.
The city’s first mayor was Solomon Juneau, who served from 1846 to 1847. Juneau’s successor, Morgan L. Martin, was the city’s longest-serving mayor of Milwaukee until his death in 1861 while still sitting as a member of Wisconsin State Assembly. The last territorial governor for which records are available is Henry Dodge (served 1841–1844). He was succeeded by Amos P. Wilder, elected with no opposition on April 25th, but took office only on May 15 after statehood had been granted and Congress approved it in December of that year.
The first Governor of Wisconsin was Nelson Dewey, the state’s only governor to be elected from an area that would not exist as a separate U.S. State in its own right today (the far northern part of the Upper Peninsula). After Wisconsin became a state on May 29th , 1848, Milwaukee County remained one of two original counties which were never divided into smaller units despite changes in county boundaries due to annexations and mergers with other municipalities.
Wisconsin is currently home to 160 cities: 126 are third-class cities; 32 are second-class cities; and four are first-class cities. Second class city status requires population between 25,000–50,000 while those exceeding 50,000 must become at least a first class city.
The municipal Government of the U.S. city of Milwaukee, located in the state of Wisconsin, consists of a Mayor and Common Council. Traditionally supporting liberal politicians and movements, this community has consistently proved to be a stronghold of the Democratic Party. As the largest city in Wisconsin, Milwaukee receives a significant amount of attention during elections and is notably seen as a pivot state.
All elected positions in the City of Milwaukee government serve four-year terms, with elections held in the spring of presidential voting years. The Mayor, City Attorney, Comptroller and Treasurer are all elected on a citywide basis.
Additionally, the Milwaukee Public Schools (MPS) administrative offices are housed in the Mitchell Building, a former bank building constructed in 1917. It is located on East Wisconsin Avenue and North Plankinton Avenues adjacent to City Hall.
The mayor of Milwaukee is elected by popular vote every four years as head of the executive branch of city government. The day-to-day operations are governed by several commissioners who run city departments under direct authority of the mayor until 2015 when Mayor Tom Barrett signed an executive order granting himself direct authority over departmental appointments rather than needing confirmation from the Board of Fire and Police Commissioners .